Postmortem & Clinical Pathology Workshop


In current practice for wildlife disease investigation and wildlife medicine, lack of suitable diagnostic tools is the most common situation in the field. Lots of common wildlife diseases need advanced laboratory techniques and equipment to identify the pathogens and diseases; however, in the field, CBC, blood biochemistry, and microscopic examination (hematology and cytology) maybe the only available things. Much more advanced techniques like molecular biology, microbiology, and histopathology usually can only be approached by well-equipped clinical laboratories or research laboratories. Therefore, postmortem examination and sample taking play an important role in wildlife disease investigation and wildlife medicine.

Pathological examination has always been the cornerstone of disease diagnosis. The principle to postmortem examination is usually common to all species. Moreover, the fundamental ideas of sampling are similar with emphasis on standardization. Hence, in order to investigate the disease efficiently and safely, standardizing the postmortem and sampling procedures are very important for the wildlife veterinarians and field biologists. A well-practiced wildlife veterinarians and field biologists are able to approach the lesion without destroy the evidence and take proper samples for the laboratory investigations. Also, with the raising awareness of emerging and re-emerging zoonotic diseases, good practice can protect the staff from exposing to the pathogen and causing further infection in wildlife or domestic animals.


The aim of the workshop is to provide the principle of pathological examination (postmortem examination and sampling) to ensure that the attending wildlife veterinarians and field biologists are able to maximize the value of postmortem and clinical pathology examination.

Intended audience

Veterinarians and biologists work in wildlife rescue centers, zoological institute, NGO, or any other facility associated with wildlife disease investigation. 


Dr. Chia-Da Hsu, BVM, M.Sc., Dipl. ACCM
Senior Veterinary Pathologist
Conservation, Research and Veterinary Services
Wildlife Reserves Singapore
Member of WDA

Dr Chia-Da Hsu graduated from National Taiwan University, Taiwan since 2006 with BVM degree. He then joined Neuropathology laboratory to pursue a master’s degree specialized in veterinary pathology and graduated on 2008. Before joined Wildlife Reserves Singapore, he had worked as a veterinary pathologist in National Center for Food Safety Education and Research, and School of Veterinary Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taiwan. He has strong interests in zoo and wildlife pathology, and forensic pathology. He is now the senior veterinary pathologist in Wildlife Reserves Singapore.

Dr. Li-Wen Chang, Ph.D.
IDEXX Taiwan Medical Affairs Consultant

Dr. Li-Wen Chang graduated from National Chung Hsing University (NCHU) of Taichung, Taiwan and subsequently completed her Ph.D. at the University of Florida (UF), USA. She then worked as the graduate research assistant for the Zoo Med-Infectious Disease Testing Lab of the Small Animal Clinical Science department in the same university for three years. She then continued her residency in Clinical Pathology at Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital of NCHU. She also has the residency at the same institution for the Exotic Medicine. Currently, she is appointed as the consultant of IDEXX Taiwan Medical Affairs. Her responsibility is to provide and coordinate medical education in the clinical diagnostic testing of small animals to veterinarians and Universities, as well as lectures on clinical pathology and diagnostics. She also coordinates field studies, academic research resource networking and facilitates clinical research. Her professional interests are exotic medicine, hematology, clinical pathology, diagnostic testing, infectious diseases, virology, facilitative education and leadership building.